Download and read online Bridewealth and Dowry in PDF and EPUB In these insightful 1973 papers two leading authorities make a wide-ranging review of ideas and materials on bridewealth and dowry.
Download and read online Dowry in PDF and EPUB Research study focussed on females employed in offices of the Punjab Government located in Chandigarh only
Download and read online Disappearance of the Dowry Women Families and Social Change in S o Paulo Brazil 1600 1900 in PDF and EPUB Why did a practice that had been considered a duty stop being a duty, or, conversely, why did daughters lose the right they had previously enjoyed of receiving from their parents the wherewithal to contribute to the support of their marriage? Despite the many historical and anthropological studies about dowry, to the best of my knowledge this is the first analysis of its disappearance. My hypothesis at a general level is that the institution of dowry was among the many fetters to the development of capitalism, such as entail, monopolies, and the privileges of the nobility, of churchmen, and of army officers, that disappeared as the influence of industrial capital spread worldwide. Yet entail, monopolies, and privileges were abolished legally, whereas the dowry was not abolished legally, it disappeared in practice. Thus the question remains: what led individual families to change their customs regarding dowry? And they changed remarkably. I found that, in the seventeenth century, practically all propertied families in São Paulo endowed every one of their daughters, favoring them by giving dowries far exceeding the value of what their brothers would inherit later on. By the early nineteenth century, in contrast, long before the custom of dowry had disappeared, less than a third of the propertied families in São Paulo were endowing their daughters, and those who did gave comparatively smaller dowries, with a very different content, while some families endowed only one or two of several daughters. How to explain this transformation in customs? I will argue throughout this book that the practice of dowry altered because of changes in society, the family, and marriage. Since dowry is a transfer of property between family members, changes in the concept of property, in the way property is acquired and held, or in business practices are relevant to an understanding of change in the institution of dowry, as are changes in the function of the family in society, the way it is integrated into production, and how it supports its members. The changes experienced by Brazilian society that help explain the decline and disappearance of the dowry are many of the same transformations that have been observed in more central regions of the Western world. Through a long process that started in the eighteenth century and continued into the early twentieth century, Brazil changed from a hierarchical, ancien régime type of society in which status, family, and patron-client relations were primary to a more individualistic society in which contract and the market increasingly reigned. A society divided vertically into family clans changed gradually into a society divided horizontally into classes. As the state grew stronger, it took over functions previously performed by the family, which in seventeenth-century São Paulo's frontier society had included municipal government and defense. Between the seventeenth and the late nineteenth centuries, a new concept of private property developed. The family changed from being the locus of both production and consumption to being principally the locus of consumption, while "family" and "business" became formally separate. The power of the larger kin declined and the conjugal family became more important, and marriage was transformed from predominantly a property matter to an avowed "love" relationship, the economic underpinnings of which were no longer made explicit. At the same time there was a change from the strong authority of the patriarch over adult sons and daughters to their greater independence, and from arranged marriages to marriages freely chosen by the bride and groom. These transformations took place in Brazil starting in the eighteenth century and continuing throughout the nineteenth century in a gradual and complex manner so that both old and new characteristics often coexisted at a given time, sometimes even within the same family. As these changes occurred, the
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Download and read online The Dowry Prohibition Act 1961 in PDF and EPUB
Download and read online The Dowry in PDF and EPUB Fierce competitions and haphazard matchmaking efforts abound in a 1940s Irish countryside village in which young lovers conspire with the parish priest, scramble to promote personal eligibility, and stage a death in order to convince a local pub owner to part with his daughter's dowry. 20,000 first printing.
Download and read online Marriage Dowry and Citizenship in Late Medieval and Renaissance Italy in PDF and EPUB In Marriage, Dowry, and Citizenship in Late Medieval and Renaissance Italy, Kirshner collects nine important essays which address the socio-legal history of women in Florence and the cities of northern and central Italy.
Download and read online Dowry and atrocity scourge in fifty years of independence in PDF and EPUB
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Download and read online Dowry and inheritance in PDF and EPUB Despite preventive litigation, dowry remains a widespread "social evil"--a marker of social status--more common, disturbingly, among the educated urban middle classes than among the urban poor or rural population in India. While caste restrictions on the choice of marriage partners seem to have eased, socio-economic factors have gained in significance. Dowry is also making inroads into communities that did not follow the practice traditionally.
Download and read online Souvenir of the First International Conference on Dowry and Bride Burning in India September 30 October 1 2 1995 Harvard Law School Pound Hall in PDF and EPUB
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Download and read online The Lace Dowry in PDF and EPUB A story set in Budapest in the 1930's about a mother and a daughter, and a friendship that changes one girl's perspective of the world.
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