Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement

Filename: genetic-resources-chromosome-engineering-and-crop-improvement.pdf
ISBN: 9781420073843
Release Date: 2011-09-15
Number of pages: 1098
Author: Ram J. Singh
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement in PDF and EPUB Medicinal Plants, Volume 6 of the Genetic Resources, Chromosome Engineering, and Crop Improvement series summarizes landmark research and describes medicinal plants as nature’s pharmacy. Highlights Examines the use of molecular technology for maintaining authenticity and quality of plant-based products Details reports on individual medicinal plants including their history, origin, genetic resources, cytogenetics, and varietal improvement through conventional and modern methods, and their use in pharmaceutical, cosmeceutical, nutrition, and food industries Explains how to protect plants with medicinal properties from deforestation, urbanization, overgrazing, pollution, overharvesting, and biopiracy Brings together information on germplasm resources of medicinal plants, their history, taxonomy and biogeography, ecology and biodiversity, genetics and breeding, exploitation, and utilization in the medicine and food industries Written by leading international experts and an innovative panel of scientists, Medicinal Plants offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on medicinal plant genetic resources and their increasing importance in pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical industries, medicine, and nutrition around the world. Includes eight-page color insert more than 25 full color figures


Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement

Filename: genetic-resources-chromosome-engineering-and-crop-improvement.pdf
ISBN: 9781420073867
Release Date: 2011-09-15
Number of pages: 1098
Author: Ram J. Singh
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement in PDF and EPUB Medicinal Plants, Volume 6 of the Genetic Resources, Chromosome Engineering, and Crop Improvement series summarizes landmark research and describes medicinal plants as nature’s pharmacy. Highlights Examines the use of molecular technology for maintaining authenticity and quality of plant-based products Details reports on individual medicinal plants including their history, origin, genetic resources, cytogenetics, and varietal improvement through conventional and modern methods, and their use in pharmaceutical, cosmeceutical, nutrition, and food industries Explains how to protect plants with medicinal properties from deforestation, urbanization, overgrazing, pollution, overharvesting, and biopiracy Brings together information on germplasm resources of medicinal plants, their history, taxonomy and biogeography, ecology and biodiversity, genetics and breeding, exploitation, and utilization in the medicine and food industries Written by leading international experts and an innovative panel of scientists, Medicinal Plants offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on medicinal plant genetic resources and their increasing importance in pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical industries, medicine, and nutrition around the world. Includes eight-page color insert more than 25 full color figures


Gene Pool Diversity and Crop Improvement

Filename: gene-pool-diversity-and-crop-improvement.pdf
ISBN: 9783319270968
Release Date: 2016-02-02
Number of pages: 484
Author: Vijay Rani Rajpal
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Gene Pool Diversity and Crop Improvement in PDF and EPUB The world population is estimated to reach to more than 10 billion by the year 2050. These projections pose a challenging situation for the agricultural scientists to increase crops productivity to meet the growing food demands. The unavailability and/or inaccessibility to appropriate gene pools with desired traits required to carry out genetic improvement of various crop species make this task formidable for the plant breeders. Incidentally, most of the desired genes reside in the wild genetic relatives of the crop species. Therefore, exploration and characterization of wild genetic resources of important crop species is vital for the efficient utilization of these gene pools for sustainable genetic improvements to assure food security. Further, understanding the myriad complexities of genic and genomic interactions among species, more particularly of wild relatives of crop species and/or phylogenetically distant germplasm, can provide the necessary inputs to increase the effectiveness of genetic improvement through traditional and/or genetic engineering methods. This book provides comprehensive and latest insights on the evolutionary genesis of diversity, access and its utilization in the evolution of various crop species. A comprehensive account of various crops, origin, exploitation of the primary, secondary and tertiary gene pools through breeding, biosystematical, cytogenetical and molecular phylogenetical relationships, and genetic enhancement through biotechnological interventions among others have been provided as the necessary underpinnings to consolidate information on the effective and sustainable utilization of the related genetic resources. The book stresses upon the importance of wild germplasm exploration, characterization and exploitation in the assimilation of important crop species. The book is especially intended for students and scientists working on the genetic improvement of crop species. Plant Breeders, Geneticists, Taxonomists, Molecular Biologists and Plant Biotechnologists working on crop species are going to find this book very useful.



Plant Cytogenetics Second Edition

Filename: plant-cytogenetics-second-edition.pdf
ISBN: 1420038508
Release Date: 2002-12-26
Number of pages: 488
Author: Ram J. Singh
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Plant Cytogenetics Second Edition in PDF and EPUB Plant cytogenetics has progressed at a rapid rate since the publication of the first edition. Plant Cytogenetics, Second Edition presents an up-to-date review of cytogenetics. It covers the latest in the various classical and modern techniques in the handling of chromosomes, karyotype analysis, genetics of meiosis, genomic relationships, and chromosome manipulation. It includes new chapters on extra chromosomal inheritance and the mode of reproduction in plants, paricularly apomixis, as well as new sections on the molecular basis of heredity, genomic in situ hybridization, and the classical and molecular methods of genome analysis. The author also elaborates on the cytogenetic basis of somaclonal variation generated through cell and tissue culture.


Vegetable Diseases

Filename: vegetable-diseases.pdf
ISBN: 0123736757
Release Date: 2007
Number of pages: 448
Author: Steven T. Koike
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

Download and read online Vegetable Diseases in PDF and EPUB This book focuses primarily on diseases of field and greenhouse-grown vegetable crops that are caused by pathogens. Chapters dealing with the general principles of the causes, diagnosis and control of vegetable crop diseases are followed by crop-based chapters. Each entry includes a brief introduction to the disease, detailed description of symptoms, information on the pathogen and disease development, and suggestions on how to manage the problem. Top quality color photos illustrate the book throughout. The book contains technical information of interest to researchers, scientists, technicians and educators in plant pathology and agriculture, as well as practical, field-oriented information of use to farmers, field personnel and the agricultural industry.


The Asian Vigna

Filename: the-asian-vigna.pdf
ISBN: 1402008368
Release Date: 2002
Number of pages: 270
Author: Norihiko Tomooka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Download and read online The Asian Vigna in PDF and EPUB The Asian beans and grams, the species of Vigna (subgenus Ceratotropis ), include several legumes that are an essential component in the diets of a large proportion of Asia's population, and interest in these legumes is growing as ethnic cuisine spreads worldwide. However, this important group of legumes is little known compared to the closely related Phaseolus beans and soybean. That deficiency is addressed for the first time in this fully illustrated comprehensive conservation, genetics, taxonomic, and agricultural monograph on the genetic resources of the Asian Vigna . The book deals with the phylogeny of the group from the perspectives of morphological and molecular analyses, ex situ and in situ conservation, eco-geographical analyses, and research. In addition, morphological descriptions, keys, and eco-geographic details of each species in the group are provided. This genetic resources handbook and guide to the Asian Vigna will be a valuable reference for agriculturists, conservationists, taxonomists, other scientists, and students interested in the legumes and plant genetic resources.


Diseases Pests and Disorders of Potatoes

Filename: diseases-pests-and-disorders-of-potatoes.pdf
ISBN: 0123736706
Release Date: 2008
Number of pages: 176
Author: Stuart J. Wale
Publisher: Elsevier

Download and read online Diseases Pests and Disorders of Potatoes in PDF and EPUB Covering the most important pathogens of potatoes, this handbook provides clear, concise descriptions of the symptoms and cycles of diseases. It also provides detail on the distribution, economic importance, and advice on the control. Illustrated with over 250 color photographs of affected crops, pest profiles and detailed characteristics of common prey to potato crops, this book is the ultimate aid to the rapid identification and control of disease for this important crop. * Coverage includes identifcation, disease cycle, economic importance, and control * Problem-oriented organization * Over 250 color illustrations; full color * Field guide practicality


Root Rots of Beans in Latin America and Africa

Filename: root-rots-of-beans-in-latin-america-and-africa.pdf
ISBN: 958918314X
Release Date: 1990
Number of pages: 114
Author:
Publisher: CIAT

Download and read online Root Rots of Beans in Latin America and Africa in PDF and EPUB Major root rots of beans in Latin America and Africa; Minor root rots of beans in Latin America and Africa; Unreported root rots of beans in Latin America and Africa; Diagnosis of root rots in beans; Selected methodologies and techniques for research on root rots of beans; Management strategies for control of root rots of beans.


Advanced Engineering Fluid Mechanics

Filename: advanced-engineering-fluid-mechanics.pdf
ISBN: 184265134X
Release Date: 2005
Number of pages: 593
Author: K. Muralidhar
Publisher: Alpha Science Int'l Ltd.

Download and read online Advanced Engineering Fluid Mechanics in PDF and EPUB This work marks the centenary of the rediscovery of Mendel's laws of biological inheritance, which have had their greatest economic impact in the rapid development in plant breeding. The concepts and methodology of plant breeding with their underpinning of advances in classical and molecular genetics and biotechnology have received special attention. The monograph, thus, documents the developments of methods of plant breeding over a period of 100 years beginning with some of the landmark discoveries in classical and molecular genetics. Plant breeding in the 21st century will be marked with an increasing integration of the current methods with the newer techniques of modern biotechnology, this book points to the kind of integration which will be taking place. molecular cytogenetics; transposable elements; chromosome manipulations; host-pathogen interactions; quantitative trait loci; simple and recurrent selection methods; heterosis breeding; mutation breeding; plant genetic resources and intellectual property rights; plant geonomics; and molecular approaches in crop improvement. This book contains papers which revisit some of the landmark discoveries in genetics and plant breeding.


Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Breeding Biotechnology and Molecular Tools

Filename: advances-in-plant-breeding-strategies-breeding-biotechnology-and-molecular-tools.pdf
ISBN: 9783319225210
Release Date: 2016-02-02
Number of pages: 656
Author: Jameel M. Al-Khayri
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Breeding Biotechnology and Molecular Tools in PDF and EPUB The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods augmenting traditional plant breeding towards the development of new crop varieties under different environmental conditions to achieve sustainable food production. This book consists of two volumes: Volume 1 subtitled Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools and Volume 2 subtitled Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. This is Volume 1 which consists of 21 chapters covering domestication and germplasm utilization, conventional breeding techniques and the role of biotechnology. In addition to various biotechnological applications in plant breeding, it includes functional genomics, mutations and methods of detection, and molecular markers. In vitro techniques and their applications in plant breeding are discussed with an emphasis on embryo rescue, somatic cell hybridization and somaclonal variation. Other chapters cover haploid breeding, transgenics, cryogenics and bioinformatics.


Plant Biology and Biotechnology

Filename: plant-biology-and-biotechnology.pdf
ISBN: 9788132222835
Release Date: 2015-06-19
Number of pages: 768
Author: Bir Bahadur
Publisher: Springer

Download and read online Plant Biology and Biotechnology in PDF and EPUB Plant genomics and biotechnology have recently made enormous strides, and hold the potential to benefit agriculture, the environment and various other dimensions of the human endeavor. It is no exaggeration to claim that the twenty-first century belongs to biotechnology. Knowledge generation in this field is growing at a frenetic pace, and keeping abreast of the latest advances and calls on us to double our efforts. Volume II of this two-part series addresses cutting-edge aspects of plant genomics and biotechnology. It includes 37 chapters contributed by over 70 researchers, each of which is an expert in his/her own field of research. Biotechnology has helped to solve many conundrums of plant life that had long remained a mystery to mankind. This volume opens with an exhaustive chapter on the role played by thale cress, Arabidopsis thaliana, which is believed to be the Drosophila of the plant kingdom and an invaluable model plant for understanding basic concepts in plant biology. This is followed by chapters on bioremediation, biofuels and biofertilizers through microalgal manipulation, making it a commercializable prospect; discerning finer details of biotic stress with plant-fungal interactions; and the dynamics of abiotic and biotic stresses, which also figure elsewhere in the book. Breeding crop plants for desirable traits has long been an endeavor of biotechnologists. The significance of molecular markers, marker assisted selection and techniques are covered in a dedicated chapter, as are comprehensive reviews on plant molecular biology, DNA fingerprinting techniques, genomic structure and functional genomics. A chapter dedicated to organellar genomes provides extensive information on this important aspect. Elsewhere in the book, the newly emerging area of epigenetics is presented as seen through the lens of biotechnology, showcasing the pivotal role of DNA methylation in effecting permanent and transient changes to the genome. Exclusive chapters deal with bioinformatics and systems biology. Handy tools for practical applications such as somatic embryogenesis and micropropagation are included to provide frontline information to entrepreneurs, as is a chapter on somaclonal variation. Overcoming barriers to sexual incompatibility has also long been a focus of biotechnology, and is addressed in chapters on wide hybridization and hybrid embryo rescue. Another area of accomplishing triploids through endosperm culture is included as a non-conventional breeding strategy. Secondary metabolite production through tissue cultures, which is of importance to industrial scientists, is also covered. Worldwide exchange of plant genetic material is currently an essential topic, as is conserving natural resources in situ. Chapters on in vitro conservation of extant, threatened and other valuable germplasms, gene banking and related issues are included, along with an extensive account of the biotechnology of spices – the low-volume, high-value crops. Metabolic engineering is another emerging field that provides commercial opportunities. As is well known, there is widespread concern over genetically modified crops among the public. GM crops are covered, as are genetic engineering strategies for combating biotic and abiotic stresses where no other solutions are in sight. RNAi- and micro RNA- based strategies for crop improvement have proved to offer novel alternatives to the existing non-conventional techniques, and detailed information on these aspects is also included. The book’s last five chapters are devoted to presenting the various aspects of environmental, marine, desert and rural biotechnology. The state-of-the-art coverage on a wide range of plant genomics and biotechnology topics will be of great interest to post-graduate students and researchers, including the employees of seed and biotechnology companies, and to instructors in the fields of plant genetics, breeding and biotechnology.


Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding

Filename: principles-of-plant-genetics-and-breeding.pdf
ISBN: 9781118313695
Release Date: 2012-08-16
Number of pages: 760
Author: George Acquaah
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Download and read online Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding in PDF and EPUB To respond to the increasing need to feed the world's population as well as an ever greater demand for a balanced and healthy diet there is a continuing need to produce improved new cultivars or varieties of plants, particularly crop plants. The strategies used to produce these are increasingly based on our knowledge of relevant science, particularly genetics, but involves a multidisciplinary understanding that optimizes the approaches taken. Principles of Plant Genetics and Breeding, 2nd Edition introduces both classical and molecular tools for plant breeding. Topics such as biotechnology in plant breeding, intellectual property, risks, emerging concepts (decentralized breeding, organic breeding), and more are addressed in the new, updated edition of this text. Industry highlight boxes are included throughout the text to contextualize the information given through the professional experiences of plant breeders. The final chapters provide a useful reference on breeding the largest and most common crops. Up-to-date edition of this bestselling book incorporating the most recent technologies in the field Combines both theory and practice in modern plant breeding Updated industry highlights help to illustrate the concepts outlined in the text Self assessment questions at the end of each chapter aid student learning Accompanying website with artwork from the book available to instructors


Rye

Filename: rye.pdf
ISBN: 9781466561441
Release Date: 2013-10-10
Number of pages: 387
Author: Rolf H. J. Schlegel
Publisher: CRC Press

Download and read online Rye in PDF and EPUB Owing to its considerable winter hardiness, rye is a cereal that played a major role in the feeding of European populations throughout the Middle Ages. Recent data shows that rye is grown on about 5.4 million hectares, with a world production of approximately 13 million tons. While still an important bread food in many countries, rye produced for bread making has decreased or stagnated, whereas production is increasing for other market segments. Particularly, rye for feeding, ethanol processing, and biogas is promoted in Europe. The first comprehensive monograph on rye, Rye: Genetics, Breeding, and Cultivation gathers all the relevant and historic information from botany and genetics to utilization and sustainability of rye. The book covers taxonomy, morphology, and other botany-related aspects of rye. It describes its physiology, cytology, and genetics, including use for genetic improvement of other cereals. The author addresses various types of breeding such as population, hybrid, and molecular breeding. He also discusses rye cropping, including seeding techniques, fungal and viral diseases, and predators. The book examines the various uses for rye beyond bread making. This includes feeding, biomass and biogas production, ethanol production, and other important characteristics such as phytosterol content and antioxidant activity. It also explores the nutritional value of rye. Written by a leading expert in the field, this monograph compiles the most important facets of rye research, past and present.


Legumes under Environmental Stress

Filename: legumes-under-environmental-stress.pdf
ISBN: 9781118917114
Release Date: 2014-12-01
Number of pages: 328
Author: Parvaiz Ahmad
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Download and read online Legumes under Environmental Stress in PDF and EPUB Leguminous crops have been found to contribute almost 27% of the world’s primary crop production. However, due to environmental fluctuations, legumes are often exposed to different environmental stresses, leading to problems with growth and development, and ultimately, decreased yield. This timely review explains the transcriptomics, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, transgenomics, functional genomics and phenomics of a wide range of different leguminous crops under biotic and abiotic stresses, and their genetic and molecular responses. Amongst others the text describes the effect of nutrient deficiency, pesticides, salt, and temperature stress on legumes. Importantly, the book explores the physiobiochemical, molecular and omic approaches that are used to overcome biotic and abiotic constraints in legumes. It looks at the exogenous application of phytoprotectants; the role of nutrients in the alleviation of abiotic stress; and the microbial strategy for the improvement of legume production under hostile environments. Key features: demonstrates how to mitigate the negative effect of stress on leguminous crops, and how to improve the yield under stress the most up-to-date research in the field written by an international team of active researchers and practitioners across academia, industry and non-profit organisations This volume is a valuable and much-needed resource for scientists, professionals and researchers working in plant science, breeding, food security, crop improvement and agriculture worldwide. In universities it will educate postgraduate and graduate students in plant science and agriculture; it will also benefit those in scientific institutions and in biotech and agribusiness companies, who deal with agronomy and environment.