The Odyssey of Homer

Filename: the-odyssey-of-homer.pdf
ISBN: UOM:39015068307399
Release Date: 1802
Number of pages:
Author: Homer
Publisher:

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Odyssey

Filename: odyssey.pdf
ISBN: 9786155564376
Release Date: 2015-04-07
Number of pages: 330
Author: Homeros Homeros
Publisher: eKitap Projesi

Download and read online Odyssey in PDF and EPUB The Odyssey (Greek:Odysseia) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer. It is, in part, a sequel to the Iliad, the other work ascribed to Homer. The poem is fundamental to the modern Western canon, and is the second oldest extant work of Western literature, the Iliad being the oldest. It is believed to have been composed near the end of the 8th century BC, somewhere in Ionia, the Greek coastal region of Anatolia. The poem mainly centers on the Greek hero Odysseus (known as Ulysses in Roman myths) and his journey home after the fall of Troy. It takes Odysseus ten years to reach Ithaca after the ten-year Trojan War. In his absence, it is assumed he has died, and his wife Penelope and son Telemachus must deal with a group of unruly suitors, the Mnesteres or Proci, who compete for Penelope's hand in marriage. It continues to be read in the Homeric Greek and translated into modern languages around the world. Many scholars believe that the original poem was composed in an oral tradition by an aoidos (epic poet/singer), perhaps a rhapsode (professional performer), and was more likely intended to be heard than read. The details of the ancient oral performance, and the story's conversion to a written work inspire continual debate among scholars. The Odyssey was written in a poetic dialect of Greek—a literary amalgam of Aeolic Greek, Ionic Greek, and other Ancient Greek dialects—and comprises 12,110 lines of dactylic hexameter. Among the most noteworthy elements of the text are its non-linear plot, and the influence on events of choices made by women and serfs, besides the actions of fighting men. In the English language as well as many others, the word odyssey has come to refer to an epic voyage. The Odyssey has a lost sequel, the Telegony, which was not written by Homer. It was usually attributed in Antiquity to Cinaethon of Sparta, but in one source was said to have been stolen from Musaeus by Eugamon or Eugammon of Cyrene (see Cyclic poets). ABOUT AUTHOR: Homeros, In the Western classical tradition, Homer (Ancient Greek: Homeros) is the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, and is revered as the greatest of ancient Greek epic poets. These epics lie at the beginning of the Western canon of literature, and have had an enormous influence on the history of literature. When he lived is unknown. Herodotus estimates that Homer lived 400 years before his own time, which would place him at around 850 BC, while other ancient sources claim that he lived much nearer to the supposed time of the Trojan War, in the early 12th century BC. Most modern researchers place Homer in the 7th or 8th centuries BC. The formative influence of the Homeric epics in shaping Greek culture was widely recognized, and Homer was described as the teacher of Greece. Homer's works, which are about fifty percent speeches, provided models in persuasive speaking and writing that were emulated throughout the ancient and medieval Greek worlds. Fragments of Homer account for nearly half of all identifiable Greek literary papyrus finds. Period For modern scholars "the date of Homer" refers not to an individual, but to the period when the epics were created. The consensus is that "the Iliad and the Odyssey date from around the 8th century BC, the Iliad being composed before the Odyssey, perhaps by some decades," i.e. earlier than Hesiod, the Iliad being the oldest work of Western literature. Over the past few decades, some scholars have argued for a 7th-century BC date. Oliver Taplin believes that the conclusion of modern researchers is that Homer dates to between 750 to 650 BC. Some of those who argue that the Homeric poems developed gradually over a long period of time give an even later date for the composition of the poems; according to Gregory Nagy for example, they only became fixed texts in the 6th century BC. The question of the historicity of Homer the individual is known as the "Homeric question"; there is no reliable biographical information handed down from classical antiquity. The poems are generally seen as the culmination of many generations of oral story-telling, in a tradition with a well-developed formulaic system of poetic composition. Some scholars, such as Martin West, claim that "Homer" is "not the name of a historical poet, but a fictitious or constructed name."


The Odyssey

Filename: the-odyssey.pdf
ISBN: 9781101221846
Release Date: 1997-11-01
Number of pages: 560
Author: Homer
Publisher: Penguin

Download and read online The Odyssey in PDF and EPUB The Odyssey is literature's grandest evocation of every man's journey through life. In the myths and legends that are retold here, renowned translator Robert Fagles has captured the energy and poetry of Homer's original in a bold, contemporary idiom and given us an edition of The Odyssey to read aloud, to savor, and to treasure for its sheer lyrical mastery. This is an edition to delight both the classicist and the general reader, and to captivate a new generation of Homer's students. From the Hardcover edition.


The Odyssey

Filename: the-odyssey.pdf
ISBN: HARVARD:HX5PXX
Release Date: 1871
Number of pages:
Author: Homer
Publisher:

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The Odyssey

Filename: the-odyssey.pdf
ISBN: BSB:BSB10233203
Release Date: 1796
Number of pages: 284
Author:
Publisher:

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The Odyssey

Filename: the-odyssey.pdf
ISBN: UOM:39015020852268
Release Date: 1992
Number of pages: 153
Author: William G. Thalmann
Publisher: Twayne Pub

Download and read online The Odyssey in PDF and EPUB Homer's two great epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey, stand as cornerstones not only of Western literature but also of Western thought and culture, for although readers of two millennia have imitated or opposed these works' paradigm of character and action, few have ignored it. Where the Iliad strikes a heavy tone of tragic grandeur, the Odyssey evokes an atmosphere of adventure and fate. The latter work's key figure, Odysseus the restless wanderer, pervades our language and our thinking: his self-defining journey of experience and maturation has remained one of the world's most explored subjects of artistic expression. In his cogent reading of the Odyssey William G. Thalmann argues that, like its hero, the text is impossible to reduce to a single summary or set of oppositions. As presented in Homer's narrative, the polarities of nature versus civilization, war versus peace, action versus word, and force versus metis (intelligence) are fraught with ambiguity. Thalmann singles out in particular the precarious nature of metis, which imbues Odysseus with constructive intelligence but also a dangerous duplicity. Similarly, Thalmann contends that in all his travels Odysseus both inflicts pain and himself suffers after having saved his own life via his cleverness. Aside from its explorations of human character, however, the poem quite simply tells a wonderful story. Odysseus's myriad adventures during his 10-year struggle to get home to Ithaka have the powerful appeal of folktale and fairy tale: the poem's narrative, Thalmann asserts, offers the pleasure of desiring an end that is delayed by obstacles in the outer world and the necessity for intrigues on Ithaka, with the simultaneous assurance that the end will come, and that it will be a happy one. Thalmann perceptively identifies traces of class and gender inquiry in Homer's epic. The poem seems to open up questions about the upholding of a system by which those at the top of society are maintained by the labor of those below, Thalmann maintains; in due course, however, these questions are closed off with the ideal solution of the return of the righteous king, promising prosperity for all. Additionally, Thalmann detects in Penelope an independence and importance rarely accorded women in Greek literature or Greek life; her like-mindedness with Odysseus is emphasized and their marriage characterized as a collaboration between them. What makes Homer's text so relevant to our times, Thalmann concludes, is its suffusion with contradiction and elusiveness. Odysseus, after all, is a hero with a constantly deferred future, and the poem's ending preserves the tension between his two conflicting sides, for when peace is at hand our hero, overcome with battle fury, assaults the relatives of his enemies. Ultimately, Thalmann finds that, happy ending notwithstanding, Homer's masterpiece depicts man's complex and often insidious relationship with the world - a world wherein that which passes for truth seems like fantasy, and lies contain no monsters or miracles but are indistinguishable from the reality of experience.


Chapman s Homer

Filename: chapman-s-homer.pdf
ISBN: 0691048916
Release Date: 2000
Number of pages: 497
Author: Homer
Publisher: Princeton University Press

Download and read online Chapman s Homer in PDF and EPUB George Chapman's translations of Homer are among the most famous in the English language. Keats immortalized the work of the Renaissance dramatist and poet in the sonnet "On First Looking into Chapman's Homer." Swinburne praised the translations for their "romantic and sometimes barbaric grandeur," their "freshness, strength, and inextinguishable fire." The great critic George Saintsbury (1845-1933) wrote: "For more than two centuries they were the resort of all who, unable to read Greek, wished to know what Greek was. Chapman is far nearer Homer than any modern translator in any modern language." This volume presents the original text of Chapman's translation of the Odyssey (1614-15), making only a small number of modifications to punctuation and wording where they might confuse the modern reader. The editor, Allardyce Nicoll, provides an introduction, textual notes, a glossary, and a commentary. Garry Wills's preface to the Odyssey explores how Chapman's less strained meter lets him achieve more delicate poetic effects as compared to the Iliad. Wills also examines Chapman's "fine touch" in translating "the warm and human sense of comedy" in the Odyssey. Oft of one wide expanse had I been told That deep-browed Homer ruled as his demesne; Yet did I never breathe its pure serene Till I heard Chapman speak out loud and bold. --John Keats


Chapman s Homer

Filename: chapman-s-homer.pdf
ISBN: 1840221178
Release Date: 2000-01-01
Number of pages: 976
Author: Homer
Publisher: Wordsworth Editions

Download and read online Chapman s Homer in PDF and EPUB Homer bidding farewell to his wife, Odysseus bound to the mast, Penelope at the loom, Achilles dragging Hector's body round the walls of Troy - scenes from Homer have been portrayed in every generation. Chapman's translations are argued to be two of the liveliest and readable.


The Meaning of Meat and the Structure of the Odyssey

Filename: the-meaning-of-meat-and-the-structure-of-the-odyssey.pdf
ISBN: 9780521111201
Release Date: 2013-04-18
Number of pages: 191
Author: Egbert J. Bakker
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online The Meaning of Meat and the Structure of the Odyssey in PDF and EPUB A literary study of the Odyssey based on the central economic and symbolic importance of the eating of meat.


Homer s The Odyssey

Filename: homer-s-the-odyssey.pdf
ISBN: 9780791094259
Release Date: 2007
Number of pages: 263
Author: Harold Bloom
Publisher: Infobase Publishing

Download and read online Homer s The Odyssey in PDF and EPUB Presents a collection of critical essays on the ancient Greek epic that analyze its structure, characters, plot, and themes.


The Odyssey of Homer

Filename: the-odyssey-of-homer.pdf
ISBN: HARVARD:HW3Q26
Release Date: 1760
Number of pages:
Author: Homer
Publisher:

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Homer The Odyssey

Filename: homer-the-odyssey.pdf
ISBN: 0521539781
Release Date: 2004
Number of pages: 103
Author: Jasper Griffin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Download and read online Homer The Odyssey in PDF and EPUB This handy guide will introduce students to a text that has been fundamental to literature for nearly 3000 years.


The Odyssey of Homer

Filename: the-odyssey-of-homer.pdf
ISBN: 9780195068184
Release Date: 1932
Number of pages: 327
Author: Homer
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

Download and read online The Odyssey of Homer in PDF and EPUB Colonel T.E. Lawrence was one of the most flamboyant figures of his era, known throughout the Western world as Lawrence of Arabia. Glory-seeking yet self-effacing, this soldier, archaeologist, spy, and scholar was a war hero whom Winston Churchill called "one of the greatest men of our time." Less well known were his abilities as historian and author, which won him the admiration of such writers as Ezra Pound, W.H. Auden, and Robert Graves. While stationed on a desolate R.A.F. outpost on the fringes of the Karachi desert in India, Lawrence began his acclaimed translation of The Odyssey. He devoted himself to the project for four years, and during that time he came to feel that he was uniquely suited to the task. "I have hunted wild boars and watched wild lions," he wrote. "Built boats and killed many men. So I have odd knowledges that qualify me to understand The Odyssey, and odd experiences that interpret it to me." Relying on an innate sense of language and truly gifted abilities at translation, Lawrence transformed Homer's Odyssey into mellifluous prose. The result was an overnight bestseller. The New York Herald Tribune hailed it "perhaps the most interesting translation of the world's most interesting book," and The New York Times called it "ruggedly and roughly masculine" and added that it "gives a vividness to the story beyond any other text familiar to us." Lawrence breathes new life into the adventures of Odysseus, smoothing the reader's path through a fantastic array of monsters, temptresses, gods, and goddesses. For a generation of readers accustomed to verse translations of Homer, this bold and vivid prose version is well worth rediscovery.


The Odyssey

Filename: the-odyssey.pdf
ISBN: 9781602068261
Release Date: 2007-10
Number of pages: 332
Author:
Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.

Download and read online The Odyssey in PDF and EPUB For a work that is a foundational text not merely of modern literature but of all of Western civilization, it's surprising how little is known of its origins. The epic adventure The Odyssey was originally told in oral form and may have been written down for the first time in the 8th century BC. We attribute the work to the Greek poet Homer, but little is known about him, or if, indeed, the author was but a single person. What is certain, though, is that The Odyssey is absolutely required reading for anyone who wishes to be considered truly educated and literate even today, nearly three thousand years after it was first written. This replica of 1911 edition presents the 1851 translation by THEODORE ALOIS BUCKLEY (1825-1856), a highly readable rendition of the nine-year journey of the solider Odysseus as he returns home to Ithaca after the Trojan War. It's a compelling translation that makes plain how strikingly modern Homer's writing was, with its nonlinear plot fleshed out by flashbacks and driven as much by the actions of ordinary mortals-even women and slaves!-as it is by men of heroic stature and the gods themselves. As entertaining as it is edifying, this is one of humanity's grandest literary achievements.